The colonialists of Mars will have to dress warmly, because during the day, the weather on Mars is truly winter, and at night, the temperature drops to a critical point. Scientists found out these data with the help of InSight probe, which landed on the Red Planet at the end of 2018 to study its internal structure.
To obtain accurate results, it is important for researchers to monitor the Mars weather, so the device is equipped with temperature sensors, wind speed, and pressure.
NASA launched a special site where you can learn about Mars weather at any time by using the data they collect.
The weather data is necessary for researchers to artificially eliminate noise that occurs when measuring temperature and wind. Without this process, seismic data would not be accurate enough, and researchers are interested in the most accurate information.
To keep distortion to a minimum, in early February, InSight even covered its equipment with a protective dome known as Temperature and Wind for InSight (TWINS) instrument.
TWINS temperature and wind sensors are located on the top of the unit. The information collected by them is now published on a special NASA website with up-to-date weather information on Mars.
It is already known that on February 17, the weather on the surface of the planet was rather unpleasant – the air temperature did not exceed -17 degrees Celsius, and the wind speed reached 37 meters per second.
In addition to the fact that the device monitors the weather, it also drills a 5-meter hole on the surface of the planet. It is necessary to study the heat flux inside Mars.