Back in the 20th century, scientists were not able to find any trace of soot at the ceilings and walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. This led to the conclusion that a different source of light was used to create enigmatic wall paintings instead of oil lamps. During the excavation of the temple of Hathor (located in the middle course of the Nile, about 310 miles south of Giza) in 1876, under the expertise of the German Egyptologist Johannes Dümichen, the archaeologists could not understand the purpose of the chambers found in these premises.
They discovered three unusual bas-reliefs which depict people holding large bulb-shaped objects with wriggling serpents inside. In the hieroglyphs above the bas-reliefs, the serpents are named seref, which means “to glow.” Some researchers suggested that this is a peculiar form of ancient electric lighting.
Swedish engineer Henry Kjellson was the first person to draw attention to these ancient paintings and wrote several books on ancient technology and lost civilizations. In his book, “Försvunnen Teknik” (“Disappeared Technology,” 1962), he noted that the objects carried by ancient figures in their hands are incandescent lamps with cables supported by insulators. His idea was also supported by Erich von Daniken. Austrian authors Reinhard Habeck and Peter Krassa even dedicated a whole book entitled “Licht für den Pharao” (Light for the Pharaoh) to this topic.
Manh interpreted that the serpent tails, emerging from one end and stretched along their entire length are quite reminiscent of an electric cartridge. Besides, the whole apparatus is shown resting on the pillar-like object known as “Djed” which is a symbol of stability in Egyptian hieroglyphs. On the other hand, a cable can be seen coming out of the flask and connected to a box upon which sits an image of the Egyptian god Atum-Ra. It is believed the box is the energy source as Ra was the god of the sun in ancient Egypt.
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On the right side of the bas-relief is standing Egyptian god Anubis with a dog head who holds two knives in both of his hands. It is interpreted as a caution sign or maybe it is also a switch for the device. Those who interpreted this possibility believe that the underground chamber of the Hathor temple was a real power plant, and the bas-reliefs depict the secret science of electricity, which was used only by the initiates. There are other images there that look more like small electric bulbs, which are familiar to us.
The temple of Hathor was built in 1995 BCE, but an inscription in one of his underground chambers says that it was built according to the plan inscribed on an ancient scroll from the time of the God Horus. And there are labels that just look like instructions for use. It is possible that they tried to preserve some kind of knowledge because there are many inscriptions around.
Is it possible that our ancestors from ancient times knew about electricity and its use? In 1938, German archeologist Wilhelm König discovered a terracotta pot in modern Khujut Rabu, Iraq. The pot contained an electrical sheet and rod. Many researchers believed that the batteries belonged to the Parthian kingdom, which had been existing from 250 BC to 220 AD. The experiments that the Baghdad battery was subjected to showed that it could generate a voltage between the electrodes of up to 5 volts. This suggests that ancient civilizations had quite advanced technologies and that ancient civilizations were not as primitive as we think.
It is also possible that ancient people found a way to connect batteries and generate more power for multiple devices at once. However, to have such a complex apparatus in ancient times, one should not only know the concept of electricity but also the basic laws of physics for calculating the parameters of batteries. So, this might explain why researchers did not find any traces of soot in the Egyptian tombs.
Saint Augustine (also known as Augustine of Hippo) described in his book “The City of God” a temple of Egypt dedicated to Venus (Isis), in which there is a lamp that requires an asbestos base and is completely unaffected by the weather.
” … that there was, or is, a temple of Venus in which a candelabrum set in the open-air holds a lamp, which burns so strongly that no storm or rain extinguishes it, and which is therefore called, like the stone mentioned above, the asbestos or inextinguishable lamp.”
Greek philosopher Plutarch also talked about a lamp that burned in the temple of the god Ammon-Ra. And in 1652, German Jesuit scholar Athanasius Kircher wrote about the glowing lamps he saw in the underground storage facilities of Memphis.
Until now, it remains a mystery what kind of lighting means were used by the ancient civilization creating color paintings and jewelry work of reliefs in the dark chambers of the pyramids and temples. Physicists who studied the properties of the Cheops pyramid have found out that the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in the internal chambers and focus it into the space below it.