This is a list of the greatest inventions that changed the world. They are obvious than much more important inventions, and it is difficult to assess which of the inventions are useful, better and more dignified. Therefore, we offer you to read ten of many important inventions of mankind. Feel free to use the comments below the article to discuss this list of inventions.
10. Modern plumbing
Plumbing; and you wonder what role it played in the life of modern plumbing and sewage? Without these simple things any modern city there simply can not survive. Without toilets and plumbing it would be impossible to maintain, no high-rise building. And the ability to quickly remove wastewater and the supply of clean water is a guarantee of the purity of any settlement. Think of the epidemic, which blazed in medieval Europe.
Printing was one of the first mass communications and takes a ninth place in the greatest inventions of all time. The first printing appeared in the days of the Roman Empire, or, perhaps even earlier. The invention of the first printing press in Europe attributed to Johann Gutenberg. He first used a mechanical press, as well as some other improvements to the opportunity to print on an industrial scale. The invention greatly facilitated the printing easier life science leaders, leaving a lot of copyists unemployed – people who are engaged in that rewrote the manuscript. Since that printing is constantly being improved, using all modern technologies.
Leonardo da Vinci in his drawings sketched the vehicle, unusual for his time. It was one of the greatest inventions, and it was the car. True, he moved with the help of the spring draft. But this car was only in the drawings until 2004, when it was built by the experts of the Museum of History of Science in Florence. In 1769, French engineer Nicolas Joseph Kunio has invented the very first self-propelled road vehicle. This model has been made on the steam rod. In 1885, German inventor Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz, working alone, patented his first car with an internal combustion engine. Benz brought together the world’s first bus, and Daimler made the first taxi and truck. Who lives without transport is impossible to imagine. Even if you do not have a personal vehicle, you are forced to use public transport, which also plays a huge role in the life of every person.
More than 2,5 thousand years BC, people used pesticides to prevent the damage to their agricultures. The first known pesticide was elemental sulphur, which is sprayed in Sumeria about 4,500 years ago. By the 15th century AD list of pesticides significantly increased, to protect crops using mercury, lead, arsenic. In 1939, Paul Müller discovered that DDT (dust) is a very effective insecticide. Thereafter DDT quickly became the most widely used pesticide in the world. However, in 1960, it was found that DDT has an ability to accumulate in the body of humans and animals, and make the deleterious effect on health. Especially devastating effect of DDT was on breeding birds. Many countries immediately banned the use of DDT, but some still use this pesticide. Nowadays, most countries banned DDT, but nevertheless, the mass fraction of pesticides has increased more than 50 times since 1950. Each year on world crops is sprayed 2.5 million tonnes of industrial pesticides.
6. Steam locomotive
In the 18th century with the development of science and industry appered the long overdue idea of replacing the mechanical thrust horsepower. After the French inventor Cugnot built a steam-powered carriage on, there were a lot of others who have done it on the basis of their design. This time can be considered the beginning of the development of steam locomotive and automotive. The founder of the locomotive standing on rails is considered to be an English inventor Richard Trevika. Since then, a lot of bright minds worked on various elements, as the engine itself and its other components. And in 1825, there was a railway connecting the city of 2 The world’s first Stockton and Darlington. Since then, the locomotives were “locomotive propulsion” of industrial development, industrialisation. Currently, there are more modern railways, steam-powered locomotive on the left quite a bit, losing its place, or electric locomotives operating on liquid fuel.
In 1837 Charles Babbage was the first person who developed a fully programmable computer, which was called “analytical machine”. But due to limited funding, Babbage never built his Analytical Engine, leaving her alone in the drawings and recordings. Since then, computers have gone through several stages of development. The development of computer technology in less than half a century has significantly changed the world, and has been penetrated in almost all spheres of the human activity.
The transistor is fourth on the list of greatest inventions – the fundamental building block of the chip that controls the operation of computers, cell phones, and all other types of modern electronics. For those, who are far from physics, it is difficult to understand the purpose and operation of transistors, but their significance for the development of modern technology can not be overstated.
Plastic is composed of organic condensation or addition polymers, and may contain other substances to improve performance or economics. There are several types of natural polymers, which are considered plastic. The first plastic based on a synthetic polymer was made from phenol and formaldehyde, with the first viable and cheap synthesis methods were invented by Leo Hendrik Baeklandom in 1909. Such a plastic called Bakelite. Later there were obtained polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, polyethene, polypropylene, polyamide, polyester, acrylic, silicone, polyurethane – they are also possible to be named plastics. Plastics have replaced many other natural materials in all areas of production. They have a number of advantages and features that make plastic indispensable.
Electricity has always existed, but the system of devices needed to create electricity, and its distribution on individual buildings appeared in the 18th century. Although there is evidence that electricity was used by some ancient cultures, it was not that widespread. Onlysince Nikola Tesla invented the technology to produce alternating current, it is possible to transmit electricity over the long distances. How much it all developed you can see yourself, using dozens of different electric appliances every day.
1. Immunization / Antibiotics
Three centuries ago, almost all people died from infectious diseases. When the plague broke out in 1347, it killed nearly half of Europe for two years. Back in 1800, the main cause of death in the West was tuberculosis. It was very rare when someone died in the old age. That is why in many cultures elderly people were revered. Today there is nothing strange in the fact that people live up to 70 years old and above, and the cause of death is heart disease, cancer or stroke.
Here were the top 10 greatest inventions of all times, and if you liked them, comment in the section below; if we missed any greatest inventions, then please let us know too.