The ancient buildings of the Sumerians amaze with their grandeur and are not inferior to the Egyptian pyramids. Naturally, numerous theories are proposed about the purpose of the ziggurats (massive structures built in ancient Mesopotamia), including ufologists’ interest. Interestingly, the Great Ziggurat Of Ur (the ancient Sumerian city, now in Iraq) is the most important ancient Mesopotamian structure because it is dedicated to the moon god Nanna, who was the patron deity of the city.
The construction of the Ziggurat Of Ur began under the reign of King Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty and was finished by his son, King Shulgi. It is one of three well-preserved structures of the Neo-Sumerian city of Ur, along with the Royal Mausolea and the Palace of Ur-Nammu.
The remains of this ancient stepped Pyramid were discovered by William Kennett Loftus in 1850, but it was Sir Leonard Woolley who excavated it in the 1920s and 1930s. The massive step pyramid measured 64 m (210 ft) in length, 45 m (148 ft) in width and over 30 m (98 ft) in height. The height is speculative, as only the foundations of the Sumerian ziggurat have survived.
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Clearly, the most important part of the Ziggurat at Ur was the Nanna temple at its top, but unfortunately, it has not survived. Many people of Ur believed that their Ziggurat was the place on Earth where Nanna chose to dwell or the meeting place of gods and humans. People of ancient Mesopotamia believed that their gods had needs just like any mortal. Therefore, they provided a chamber with a bed in the temple. However, it was occupied by a maiden chosen to be the god’s companion. There was also a kitchen on the side of stairways which was most likely used to prepare food for the god.
In ancient times, Sumer was considered to be the cradle of civilization where Mesopotamians worshipped a great number of deities also known as the Anunnaki, which represent the various forces of the world. It is estimated that the deities in the Sumerian pantheon were numbered in hundreds or even in thousands, but there are seven Top-Ranking Gods. These gods are An, Enlil, Enki, Inanna, Utu, Ninhursag, and Nanna, the god of the moon and of wisdom.
World History Encyclopedia writes: “He[Nanna] was the son of Enlil and Ninlil and is their first-born after Enlil seduces Ninlil by the riverbank in the myth Enlil and Ninlil. His wife was Ningal (also Nikkal, the ‘Great Lady’), a fertility goddess, and their children were Utu-Shamash (the sun god) and, in some stories, his twin sister Inanna/Ishtar (goddess of love and sexuality), Ereshkigal (Queen of the Dead), and Ishkur (also known as Adad, god of storms).”
Purpose of Ziggurat and connection with Tower of Babel
Ziggurat’s purpose is to get the temple closer to the heavens and provide access from the ground to it via steps. The Mesopotamians believed that these pyramid temples connected heaven and earth. In fact, the Ziggurat at Babylon was known as Etemenanki, which means “House of the foundation of heaven and earth” in Sumerian.
According to katachriston.wordpress.com, “Many scholars and commentators running the spectrum from liberal to conservative believe the Tower of Babel, described in Genesis 11:1-9, was almost certainly a ziggurat. Why?
(1) Gen. 11 uses the typical ziggurat terminology.
(2) Bitumen mortar and baked clay-brick construction of ziggurats is identical to the biblical description (Gen. 11:3a: “let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly” and Gen. 11:3b: “And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.”) The building method described in Genesis precisely mirrors early Sumerian building practices in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley where the first civilizations were, but not later times or Biblical places (like in Israel during the kingdom period), where such methods had passed into disuse and obscurity centuries earlier.
(3) Gen. 11 “plains of Shinar” (SNR) is identified philologically as Sumer (SMR); the plains of Shinar/Sumer are between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
(4) Sumer also has narratives of the confusion of tongues and the destruction of a great tower.
(5) Modern research has clearly demonstrated that the earliest civilizations and ancient languages actually developed in the general area of Mesopotamia, the plain of Shinar.”
If Ziggurats were really a place of gods to dwell on Earth or the meeting place of gods and humans, and if these gods were ancient astronauts who came from outer space then there must be a place for landing and takeoff for their spacecraft.
Considering this theory, in 2016, Iraqi Transport Minister Kazim Finjan made a sensational statement during his business trip to Dhi Qar. According to him, the Sumerians had their own spaceport and actively traveled, including outside the solar system. (More information here)
Finjan is sure that the first airports and spacecraft platforms were built about 7000 уears ago in the ancient cities of Eridu and Ur. Unfortunately, the minister did not mention where the Sumerians had such technologies from, and why there was no evidence of them.
Professor Kamal Aziz Ketuly wrote that during his visit to the Iraqi Museum in Baghdad, at the Sumerian wing, he observed three Sumerian clay tablets with cuneiform writing and drawings, dating back to around 3000 BC. According to him, in one of the tablets, he found heliocentric drawings of the solar system.
Additionally, from 3000 BC, “Mesopotamians used a calendar with months and years, which indicates that the Moon was studied at that early age.” Interestingly, in ancient Mesopotamia, “all five planets visible to the naked eye were known and studied, along with the Moon, the Sun, the stars, and other celestial phenomena.” These planets are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.