In the late 1920s, British archaeologist Leonard Woolley discovered the most lavish Mesopotamian tomb that had ever been unearthed. The tomb was located deep within the desert of southern Iraq. The skeleton, which dated back 4,500 years, was covered in gold and valuable stones. The royal skeleton was found beside three other bodies, which most likely belonged to servants. However, the fact that this tomb was made for a woman was the primary factor that caused the discovery to send shockwaves throughout the world at the turn of the 20th century.
Queen Puabi, whose name has been passed down through the ages because of a lapis-lazuli stamp affixed to her burial robe, lived at the height of Ur’s dominance around 2600 B.C. During her reign, the ancient city-state dominated the Sumerian territory between the Tigris and Euphrates. Trade flourished in Ur, and trade routes reached from India to modern-day Sudan.
Ur became extremely wealthy due to its role as the principal port for the shipment of products from India. Even though there are no historical texts that mention Puabi, many historians believe she may have been a ruler in her own right due to the fact that her seal does not mention a husband. Her tomb was discovered with a golden headpiece with elaborately crafted leaves and standing flowers was worn, and each finger on the wearer’s hands was adorned with a golden ring. A golden belt with golden loops was wrapped around the wearer’s waist.
Rita Wright, an emeritus professor of anthropology at New York University and an archaeologist and textile expert, is the first person to analyze Sumer queen Puabi’s clothing using a single known image of her. The result of her research can be found in the book “Art/ifacts and ArtWorks in the Ancient World.”
According to Wright, Elite women in ancient Ur were linked to rulers in some way. They were either kings’ sisters or other relatives, or they were their wives. And those women were really important because they moved around the country as state representatives performing a number of things. As a result, they wielded considerable power. (Source)
Puabi was almost certainly a member of the royal family and the king’s wife. She passed away prior to the years 2400–2350 B.C. Like Puabi, most women of privilege served as ambassadors for their husbands and, thus representatives of the state. “They did this by traveling. They would engage in rituals. They’d go to a village, a town, or another city and they would have a banquet. And at this banquet, people would come to see the way the women looked, the kinds of clothing they wore,” said Wright.
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In the 1920s and 1930s, her remains were unearthed in Egypt alongside Tutankhamun’s. It was a 20th-century breakthrough. Puabi’s remains, especially her horribly injured cranium, are in London’s Natural History Museum. The tomb of Puabi was discovered within the Royal Cemetery at Ur, which also contained around 1,800 other tombs. Not only did Puabi’s tomb include a huge number of high-quality and well-preserved grave goods, but it was also the only one of the excavation sites that had been left untouched by looters throughout the course of the millennia. This made Puabi’s tomb unmistakably distinct from the other sites.
Woolley’s excavation finds were shared between the British Museum in London, the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia, and the National Museum in Baghdad. After the Second Gulf War in 2003, some treasures were stolen from the National Museum. Several of the more spectacular pieces from Puabi’s grave were featured in a highly successful Art and History Museum tour through the United Kingdom and the United States.
Zechariah Sitchin, an author, has devoted his entire life to unraveling and proposing an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. A few months before he passed away, he had issued a challenge to the Natural History Museum, demanding that DNA testing to be performed on the skeletal remains of the Sumerian “Queen Puabi.” He was willing to stake everything he had written about ancient astronauts on the DNA test. (Source)
Sitchin claimed that the remains of a high-ranking Sumerian woman could contain the genomes of gods and demi-gods, something he had been discussing since the 1970s. The remains were discovered in Iraq. In addition, it may have provided evidence that the Annunaki gods, who were described in ancient Sumerian books and tablets, were responsible for altering human DNA.
Sitchin suggested that Puabi was an ancient demigod who shared a genetic connection with the Annunaki. There are many examples of beings who had supernatural strength, intelligence, good health, and longevity in the ancient texts. These beings are described as living for a very long time. Sitchin postulated that our creator, whoever he or she may be, purposefully constrained the extent of our capabilities. He believed that Puabi’s remains would contain the answers to a missing genetic link in human evolution and wanted scientists to test the DNA of Puabi because he believed the answers would be contained in her remains.
“Maybe by comparing her genome with ours, we would find out what are those missing genes that they deliberately did not give us. I cannot guarantee that, but maybe,” Sitchin said in an interview with NBC News in 2010. That is why he urged the museum to conduct a DNA study of Puabi’s remains.
The Natural History Museum responded by stating that they would only consider his request if it came from a “researcher with recognized experience and skills in this field, or with access to the necessary facilities required to undertake ancient DNA analysis.” Sitchin staked his entire existence on the results of DNA testing purportedly conducted on Queen Puabi’s remains. Regrettably, following his passing, things went back to normal because nobody bothered to fulfill his desire.