There are many ancient sites around the world whose mystery still baffles the researchers. The city of Teotihuacán, that once was home to around 200,000 people, is one of the most peculiar places on Earth. It is well-known for most of the architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas. The ancient site contains several important structures: the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, the Pyramid of the Moon, and the Pyramid of the Sun. For over years, strange artifacts and ruins of previous civilizations have been excavated at this place. But the discovery of hundreds of golden-colored orbs is still the most unusual one.
It is unknown who built Teotihuacán and why it was abandoned mysteriously in 700 AD. But it is estimated that the city had been established a thousand years before the arrival of the Aztec who later gave the city the name, which means “the place where men become gods.” It was one of the largest cities of its time. The mysterious civilization planned the city very well, building it systematically, adding roads, walls, and complex structures. Moreover, in 2003, archaeologists discovered a 100-meter long tunnel with three main chambers under the Temple of Quetzalcoatl.
Archaeologists from the Mexico National Institute of Anthropology and History excavated hundreds of mysterious metallic orbs of golden color that had been buried in a hidden chamber deep beneath the Temple of Feathered Serpent for 1,800 years. After years of planning and digging, the team sent a wireless robot called Tláloc II-TC beneath the temple. It scanned the tunnels underground using infrared technology and found the mesmerizing golden orbs at around 250 feet into the cave that had probably been hidden by the Teotihuacans before vacating the place. The exact purpose of these orbs is still a mystery, but some archaeologists believe that it was used for performing rituals.
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“The orbs are very interesting objects, I’ve never seen anything like them in any kind of other archaeological context. On the inside the orbs are clay; on the outside, they’re coated with some sort of gold wrapping, giving them a “golden ball” or “orb” appearance,” said Edwin Barnhart, an archaeologist and director of the Maya Exploration Centre.
Basically, the orbs, 3.8 centimeters to 12 centimeters in diameter, were made of clay but they appeared to be made of metal due to a material called jarosite (formed by the oxidation of pyrite) that gives it a pale brass-yellow hue, a perfect resemblance of gold. The cavern wall was also covered in pyrite, giving it an appearance of the gold room. Therefore archaeologists believe that these orbs were a part of some mysterious ritual and would have been used by rulers and priests.
Lead archaeologist Sergio Gomez said: “I think the tunnel was the central element, the main element around which the rest of the ceremonial center was built. This was the most sacred place. There is a high possibility that in this place, in the central chamber, we can find the remains of those who ruled Teotihuacan.”
There is another theory that suggests that the placement of these orbs and other things at the chamber could have resembled the Cosmos. Some archeologists believe that the underground chamber could have illustrated the space.
Author David Wilcock said: “These beautiful orbs of yellow materials strongly suggest that someone was illustrating planets.” Researchers believe that Mayans could have used these orbs to study Mars and they might have helped them understand the night sky.
In 2015, a large quantity of liquid mercury was found beneath the same Mexican pyramid. Ancient astronaut theorists suggested that the presence of liquid mercury might have been a part of the propulsion system used by the Aztecs. Gómez believed that the discovery of liquid mercury could have been a representation of the underworld where the dead resided, probably the remains of the kings of Teotihuacan. An anthropologist at the University of California named Rosemary Joyce said the Mesoamericans used cinnabar to create liquid mercury to decorate jade objects and apply it to the dead bodies of their royal members. There are three other sites in Central America where mercury was found, but not at such a large scale as beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent.
However, all these are just speculations but archaeologists are convinced that it was the groundbreaking discovery and another physical evidence of Mayas’ knowledge of science.