A 2016 scientific study suggested that the DNA of modern Melanesians contains remnants of a long-extinct, previously undiscovered human species. The nations of Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, and Papua New Guinea, as well as a few smaller islands, are located in the region of Melanesia, which lies in the South Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia.
At the annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics, Ryan Bohlender, Computational Scientist at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reported that people from the South Pacific region of Melanesia, which includes Papua New Guinea and nearby islands, may have genetic traces of a previously undiscovered extinct hominid species. “We’re missing a population or we’re misunderstanding something about the relationships,” he said. (Source)
The researchers wanted to find out how much old DNA we still have today. Between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago, a variety of hominid ancestors interbred as one group departed Africa and encountered another that was residing in Eurasia. Scientists came to the conclusion that there may have been more individuals involved, the ones we have not yet recognized, apart from Neanderthals or Denisovans. This unidentified relative most likely came from the same third branch of the hominid family tree as the Neandertals and Denisovans, who were the Neandertals’ distant cousins and are now extinct. Denisovans are only known from DNA from a finger bone and a few teeth discovered in a Siberian cave, although countless Neandertal relics have been discovered in Europe and Asia.
We still contain a small amount of ancient hominid DNA, with Europeans and Asians possessing 1.5 to 4% Neanderthal DNA, respectively. That background has contributed to a number of health problems. The DNA of Melanesians possesses a higher percentage of Denisovan DNA than that of other populations, which is uncommon. Additionally, it differs from the amount of 3% that other studies have estimated. The researchers came to the conclusion that the third group of people interbred with early Melanesians after studying this anomaly. “Human history is a lot more complicated than we thought it was,” said Bohlender.
Eske Willerslev, an evolutionary geneticist at the Natural History Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen, led another team of researchers to a related conclusion. Willerslev’s team investigated the DNA of 25 highland natives from Papua New Guinea and 83 Australian aboriginals. The team published their study on October 13, 2016, in Nature that they had discovered DNA that resembled Denisovan among the study participants. However, the DNA differs genetically from Denisovans and might come from another extinct hominid. Willerslev states, “Who this group is we don’t know.” He hypothesizes that they might be Hobbits or Homo erectus, two extinct hominid species discovered in Indonesia.
But researchers do not know how genetically diverse Denisovans were, says Mattias Jakobsson, an evolutionary geneticist at Uppsala University in Sweden. A different branch of Denisovans could be the group that mated with ancestors of Australians and Papuans.
It is difficult to determine whether the extinct hominid DNA genuinely came from an undiscovered species since researchers know so little about the genetic makeup of extinct populations, according to statistical geneticist Elizabeth Blue of the University of Washington in Seattle. Few Neanderthal bones have had their DNA tested, and the only place Denisovan remains have been discovered is in that one cave in Siberia. It is possible that Denisovans had a wide genetic range. If that were the case, according to Blue, the Papuan’s DNA might have originated from a Denisovan population that had been geographically isolated from the Siberian Denisovans for a sufficient amount of time that they appeared to be separate groups, similar to how modern-day Europeans and Asians are genetically distinct from one another.
Jakobsson said he would not be surprised if there were other groups of extinct hominids that mingled with humans. “Modern humans and archaic humans have met many times and had many children together,” he said. Such discoveries are consistently made when examining the genomes of distant populations, which is not surprising. These remote tribes have had minimal interaction with the outside world throughout the millennia. Their DNA reflects the confined communities in which they evolved and reproduced. The richer and more diverse your ancestry is, the less likely it is that particular genes will remain unchanged. In the case of the Australian and Melanesian aborigines, isolation means that fewer genes were altered throughout their existence.
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To understand the genetic history of humankind, one should also look at the ancient history of Sumerians and their gods “Anunnaki.” Sumerians, Egyptians, Mesoamericans & Ancient Indians (South Asia) are perhaps responsible for the major development of the Homo Sapiens civilization. Quoting Desmond Morris, “There are 193 living species of monkeys and apes. 192 of them are covered with hair. The exception is a naked ape self-named Homo sapiens.”
The Egyptian god Thoth helped Isis, the wife of Osiris, to extract from the dismembered Osiris the semen with which Isis was impregnated to bear Horus. A similar biological incident can be traced in the Hindu epic Mahabharata where Gandhari, a wife of Dhritrashtra, the blind king of Hastinapura, gave birth to 100 children (Kauravas) artificially, similar to “in vitro fertilization process” that we know today.
Another great example of human biotechnology can be found in the Biblical verse, “Before I (God) formed you (Human) in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations” (Jeremiah 1:5).
“Not one [sparrow] will fall to the ground without your Father’s knowledge. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered” (Matthew 10:29, 30). In addition to his illustration about the sparrows, Jesus said: “The very hairs of your head are all numbered.” According to jw.org, “This brief but profound statement amplifies the point of Jesus’ illustration about the sparrows. Consider: The average human head has about 100,000 strands of hair. For the most part, one hair seems just like the next, and no single hair seems to deserve our particular scrutiny. Yet, each hair is noticed and numbered by Jehovah God. Since this is the case, is there any detail of our life that Jehovah cannot know? Surely Jehovah understands the unique makeup of each of his servants.”
From “Tales of Ancient Egypt” by Roger Lancelyn Green: “Though it is said that in truth Zeus, King of the Gods, whom you call Amen-Ra, was her father. Seti nodded when he heard this and murmured, Even as Amen-Ra was the father of Hatshepsut. Yes, the gods can indeed be the fathers of the spirits that dwell in the bodies of kings and queens.”
In his discussion of the Sumerian story of the creation of The Adam (“the earthling”) from Mesopotamian texts (clay tablets), Zecharia Sitchin (1985) writes, “…to achieve the feat Enki suggested that a ‘being that already exists’, Ape woman, be used to create the Lulu Amelu (‘the mixed worker’) by ‘binding’ upon the less evolved beings ‘the mold of the gods’. The goddess Sud purified the ‘essence’ of a young male Anunnaki; she mixed it into the egg of an Ape woman. The fertilized egg was then implanted in the womb of a female Anunnaki, for the required period of pregnancy. When the ‘mixed creature’ was born, Sud lifted him up and shouted: ‘I have created! My hands have made it!’.”
From these stories, it can be speculated that ancient gods had great knowledge of genetics and manipulated human DNA and genes on several occasions. Comparing these examples with modern science and Sitchin’s story depicts the current technique of cross-species cell transfer (CSCT). At the same time, the custom of the ancient “god-kings” of Mesopotamia and Egypt of marrying their sisters and reproducing without apparent damage to the family gene pool would have been possible using the technique of cloned cross-species cell transfer (CCSCT).