The earliest hominid with evidence of bipedalism goes to the Ardipithecus ramidus, which dates back to 4.4 million years ago. Those sets of bones were discovered in Ethiopia’s harsh Afar desert at a site called Aramis in the Middle Awash region, just 46 miles from where Lucy’s species, Australopithecus afarensis, was found in 1974.
Homo-Sapiens began to emerge somewhere around 300,000 years ago, and the oldest set of bones was found in Morocco, Africa. So, today’s humans are what we would typically see 300,000 years ago. And now one may wonder where the first civilization was located and who their gods were.
Many historians and archeologists claim that the Sumerians were the first civilization. Still, there is no clear indication of where the Sumerians came from, but they were identified as black-headed people.
While considering geography, Africa connects to the Asian continent through Egypt. Iraq is approximately 1,427 km away (886 miles) from Egypt. Before Africa, the known name of the continent was Alkebulan. And to many different scholars, Africa extended beyond the African continent’s borders of today, the same as how Egypt is partly in the Asian continent. This makes sense since Africa and Asia are clearly connected through Egypt’s transcontinental country.
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Science tells us that modern-day humans all came from Africa. Interestingly, one of the oldest human-made structures in the world is in South Africa, and it’s known as the Adams Calendar, also known as Enki’s Calendar. It is dated to be anywhere from 75,000 to over 100,000 years old.
There are many theories about the earliest human migration from Ethiopia in Africa to the rest of the world and how the numerous gods in different cultures have a lot in common. For example, Thoth, an ancient Egyptian god, shares some similarities with Ningishzida, an Anunnaki god from ancient Mesopotamia.
In the book “The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt” by Richard H. Wilkinson, one may find similarities between the ancient Egyptians and the Sumerians and their gods, such as Khnum, an Egyptian god who closely resembles Enki from the Anunnaki gods and both these gods are responsible for creating humanity. In addition, Khnum is noted as a creator of humankind and uses a potter’s wheel and clay for his creation.
There are many reasons why ancient Mesopotamia is considered to be the place where the first civilization emerged from, even with all the old structures such as Nabta Playa and the Adams calendar in Africa. The Sumerians seem to be the first ones to keep records of gods, being the Anunnaki gods creating humans. But understanding the migration process and the Sumerians describing themselves as the black-headed people, what if the Sumerian stories are, in fact, from Africa?
“History begins at Sumer” by Samuel Noah Kramer is a book that details the 39 inventions that started in ancient Mesopotamia. This is why the Sumerians are considered to have been the first civilization. However, there is a possibility that the earliest humans in the African lands could have reached outside the continent in those ancient times, similar to Roman Empire.
There is no precise location of where the Sumerians came from. Many scholars seem to disagree with each other about the origins of the Sumerians. Perhaps what the Sumerians once told, is written in the Bible and texts from Mesoamerica and even the Greeks. In that case, it’s clear that the gods chose Eridu, an ancient Mesopotamian city that was Enki’s first home on earth. That is, the home of the first gods, the Anunnaki.
Alkebulan meaning is something along the lines of “Garden of Eden/mother nature.” The desired ingredient used by that of the universe, gods, God, or aliens to create humankind came from Africa, humanity’s home.