Several ancient civilizations inhabited Earth in the distant past, and some of them had great knowledge of science and astronomy. Among them, there was one of the most intelligent and mysterious groups of people that lived in the American Southwest 3500 years ago. These ancient inhabitants are known as “Anasazi,” who had lived in the most isolated and extreme place in America.
The Anasazi civilization, also known as “ancient Pueblo,” lived in the southwest from 200 to 1300 AD. They constructed unbelievable architectures, amazing artifacts, and planned streets in Mesa Verde, well-preserved Ancestral Puebloan cliff dwellings. Researchers found out that those people had great mathematical skills. They knew about the golden ratio (phi = φ), using it for construction purposes. The same number had been used by the ancient Egyptians at the Giza Pyramids for constructing the Sun temple.
Anasazi is a Navajo word, meaning “the ancient ones,” or “enemy ancestors.” The evidence of the ancient Native American culture was mostly found in the Four Corners area of the United States: Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico. At the end of the 19th century, a colorado herdsman discovered the astonishing buildings and artifacts that were carved into the local rock. Similar structures were also found in Utah and Arizona. But the most amazing structure built by the Anasazi people is a complex that is now known as “Pueblo Bonito.” It was a multi-story building in Chaco Canyon that contained 800 rooms.
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These people laid a 400-mile network of roads, some of them were 30 feet wide, across deserts and canyons. They even used astronomical observatories in building houses. For example, windows in many buildings in the Chaco Canyon are oriented exactly to the position of the Sun on the days of the equinoxes and solstices.
Chaco Canyon is one of the wildest and harsh areas in the world. From cold winter to hot dry summer, the weather is very unpredictable. In short, the area is very unfavorable for any civilization to survive. Besides, around 20 million years ago, the area was under the sea, but with years was dried up by the sun. Why did the Anasazi decide to live in such worst conditions? How did they fulfill the availability of water for building architecture there? Archaeologists have no clue about it and have been trying to find answers for many years.
According to the legends of the Pueblo, their ancestors possessed great spiritual power and had control over elements of nature. But the most mysterious thing in the Anasazi culture is their petroglyphs that contained strange anthropomorphic figures, and celestial objects’ drawings. The Anasazi paid much attention to the stars. Many of their petroglyphs showed how the various effects should look when the sun moves over the corners of buildings.
Scientists believe that in 1054 AD, a supernova event occurred in the universe that could have been visible from Earth. Many ancient cultures recorded this event including the ancient Chinese, Egyptians, and Native Americans. Many people believe that the first drawing of this supernova explosion was found in the dwellings of the Anasazis. Similar celestial events were also recorded by the Mayan civilizations who had a deep knowledge of astronomy.
Is it possible that the Anasazis and the mesoamerican cultures shared the knowledge with each other? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that the ancestors of both cultures could have had a celestial origin. If it is true, then they had a deeper connection with the meteorites striking the earth and falling into the zone of silence. They could have found information about their ancestors where the meteorite fell, and that is why they decided to live there.
By the 13th century, the Anasazis began to leave their places of habitation, and the reason behind that is still unkown. The Anasazi civilization disappeared within only a few decades after that.