7000-year-old artifacts were found in the Al Ubaid archaeological site, depicting human-like figures with the characteristics of lizards. The site is located in modern Iraq, but the age of the artifacts is estimated to be even older than the civilization of the Sumerians.
Archaeologists claimed that between 5500 – and 4000 BC, there was a prehistoric culture known as the “Ubaidian Culture” in Mesopotamia, which is believed to have laid the foundation for the civilization of the Sumerians.
The Ubaidian people reportedly lived in villages with mud houses. They also developed the techniques of agriculture, and irrigation, and built architecture.
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The artifacts were found in the site called Tell Al’Ubaid, a hill located near Ur, the ancient Sumerian city. Harry Reginald Hal was the first person who noticed this attractive hill and excavated the site in 1919.
Among the ruins and various intriguing artifacts left by the Ubaidian people, very diverse and strange ancient clay figurines were found. These were anthropomorphic figures of men and women. But the proportions of the body and head of those ancient figurines caused a real shock.
The artifacts have unusually broad shoulders, covered by some kind of pads and helmets on their heads. They are seen in various poses holding various objects, for example, poles and scepters. As for the female figures, they have babies sucking their breasts. They also look like lizards.
These figurines are unlike anything else found in that region. The depicted creatures have elongated heads, pointed muzzles, and almond-shaped eyes. These are clearly not humans, and they show mostly reptilian traits.
So what do these lizard figures represent? According to some archaeologists, the postures (such as the one found in the nursing woman) do not suggest that they are ritual objects. So why did these ancient people decide to represent individuals as reptiles even with elongated heads?
Initially, it was assumed that those were simply images of the gods worshiped by ancient people, which is not unusual. Many cultures on Earth worshiped snakes and reptile deities, including the Sumerians themselves.
In the pantheon of Sumerian gods, there are figures such as Enki, the god of water, wisdom, and creation. In some depictions, Enki manifests as half-man, half-serpent. He helped create a civilization that benefited the rest of humanity.
And earth beneath had not come into being —
There was Apsû, the first in order, their begetter,
And demiurge Tia-mat, who gave birth to them all;
They had mingled their waters together
Before meadow-land had coalesced and reed-bed was to he found —
When not one of the gods had been formed